The High Plains region, the northern and western side of Texas from the Panhandle to the Midland area, is a mesa-like area that rises perceptibly by sharp escarpments above the adjacent lowlands to the east and to the west. It is characterized by a constructional topography formed on thick deposits of wind-blown materials that blanket the region. The natural vegetation of the High Plains region consists primarily of short grasses, the northern portion of the Texas High Plains being one of the most distinctive short grass regions of the United States. Formerly the High Plains region was entirely a grazing country. The livestock range industry remains important throughout the western portions of the High Plains.
Counties in the High Plains Region: Ector, Midland, Andrews, Martin, Gaines, Dawson, Yoakum, Terry, Lynn, Garza, Cochran, Hockley, Lubbock, Crosby, Floyd, Hale, Lamb, Bailey, Parmer, Castro, Swisher, Briscoe, Deaf Smith, Randall, Armstrong, Donley, Oldham, Potter, Carson, Gray, Wheeler, Hartley, Moore, Hutchinson, Roberts, Hemphill, Dallam, Sherman, Hansford, Ochiltree, Lipscomb